Lander - Concept for a reusable lunar lander based upon the Centaur upper stage.

Gym - Full-scale mock-up of the above lunar lander.

XEUS - ULA's XEUS lunar lander concept.

Terrestial Demonstrator - Masten could develop and fly a full-scale lunar demonstrator for only about $20 M and in 1.5-2 years.

Cislunar One - Concept for linking solar drapes to telerobotic operatiosn on the floor of a permanently-shadowed crater.

Solar Drapes - Minimal mass of supporting structure for maximum solar power generation.

Harvester - Concept for an all-in-one telerobot that harvests icy regolith, steams, and distills water for propellant.

Environment - The telerobots would need to first developed in labs with conditions like what they'll find on the Moon.

UniHab - Concept for a large, flat-roofed inflatable habitat for a shielded, turnkey facility.

Greenhouse - University of Arizona - Tucson has been working on a lunar greenhouse concept.

Algae - Algae for fish food could be grown using this drape system.

Food - Hydroponic food will need the nutritional needs of the crew.

Centrifuge - A low-mass centrifuge composed of a carbon fiber truss and swivelling chambers.


Crew - An historic, initial crew of eight (four couples) with a variety of skills, backgrounds, and talents.

First Woman - When the first woman steps foot on the Moon, it will be a historic moment.

Space Suit - Wouldn't it be cool to develop a costume looking like this space suit?

Dog - The most popular crew member of the Initial Team will be the dog!

Virtual Reality - When we return to the Moon, people on Earth could pay for the experience of practically being there during these historic events.

History - The first humans beginning to move off Earth indefinitely would be hugely historic...if done right.

Languages - If language was a primary selection criteria, the initial crew of eight would be able to speak to about 70% of the world's population.

Artificial Gravity - Proposed protocol for the development of an artificial gravity prescription in the least amount of time.

Radiation - There are solutions for the challenge of radiation in the different settings.

Hydrostatic - Concept for how an Earth-equivalent environment could be approximated using an indoor centrifuge.

Psychology - Small habitats could lead to cabin fever, affairs, and divorces. How can these be prevented?

Dance - In 1/6th gravity dance will be an entirely new thing.

Dust - Lunar dust is a real challenge. How could it be hadled?

Medical - How could the healthcare needs of the growing base be met?

Base - With time, specialized habitats could be added in order to grow into an international base.

Population Growth - There is a clear path for how the population would grow from an Initial Base, through an International Phase, to a full Settlement.

Retirement - Retirees will be over-represented among the settlers for many years.

Revenue - There is a clear path for how each phase of lunar development can be funded.


Site List - A spreadsheet of newsworthy sites, habitats, and activities on the Moon.

Lunar Sites - A webpage with the newsworthy sites organized.

Lunar Pits - Lunar lava pits and tubes.

Arch - Yes, there actually is one natural arch on the Moon.

Magnetic Patterns - Magnetic patters imprinted on the lunar surface.

Irregular Patches - Strange, possibly volcanic patterns on the surface of the Moon.

Tycho Crater - One of the most noteworthy craters on the Moon has a singular, large boulder right on top of its central peak.

Affordability - With an end-to-end commercial transport system to the lunar surface, between 66% and 100% of countries could afford a mission of lunar exploration.

Roads - Telerobots could create a network of basic roads for rovers, cargo, and crew.

Preservation - As various countries take their first steps on the Moon, how will all of the artifacts be preserved?


Videos - Watch the series of YouTube videos on this topic.

What is AEI - Earth independence is calculated by measuring how much mass no longer needs to be shipped as the base produces things for itself.

Resources - It appears that all of the necessary resources needed for Earth independence is present on the Moon and likely Mars.

Periodic Table - Needs The elemental needs for human survival.

Periodic Table - Sources The lunar sources of the essential elements.

Metals - How can we get metals on the Moon and transform them into useable forms?

Machining - It is complex, but we have a good idea of the source of metals and how to melt, cast, and machine it into parts.

Chemistry - The source of organics is well known on both the Moon and Mars. Producing things like plastics is fairly straightforward.

Artificial Gravity - Will partial gravity be sufficient for generational reproduction. If not, hopefully artificial gravity will help.

Habitats - Obviously, to survive long term, the colony will have to produce its own habitats. How can this be done?.

Food - It's very complex but hydroponics seems to be up to the job to produce all of the food that self-sustaining colonists will need.

Nutrition - An Earth independent base would need to meet the nutritional and culinary needs of its crew. How?.

Power - Excellent laboratory work has been done demonstrating that solar cells can be produced from known lunar material.

Electronics - Shipping a "sufficient supply" of electronics would buy time to implement protocols to produce good enough electronics.

Genetics - Studies show that frozen embryos are viable for decades and perhaps longer.

Information - What information will the colonists need and how best to store and retrieve it?.

Escape & Quarantine - urviving is one thing. But ultimately, humanity will have to spread yet further.

xRisks - Complete Earth independence will ensure that humanity survives self-replicating technology.
The MMAB - OK. How do advocates go from theorizing Earth independence to demonstrating it starting with an analogue base?


Working Groups - Space Development Network teams working to advance a specific field.

Agriculture (AgWG) - Developing a Plan to provide all the nutritional needs of an Initial Crew.


Phobos-Deimos - Simultaneous to lunar development, in-space steps could be taken to Mars.

Paraterraforming - Mars can be most quickly transformed using an approach of extending very large greenhouses.